Spanish wine must have been on everybody’s minds and lips these past few weeks, as Spain’s Ministry of Agriculture (more specifically, the Ministerio de Agricultura y Pesca, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente—the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Food and the Environment) approved and published the Pliego de Condiciones for four new Denominación de Origen (DO) wines. Several Vino de la Tierra (VdlT or IGP) and Vino de Calidad con indicación geográfica (VCIG) wine regions were also approved, and some were kicked off the list or promoted. More on the IGP and VCIG wines later. For now, please meet Spain’s four newest DOs!
Valtiendas DO: The Valtiendas DO, located in Castilla y León, is approved for red wines and rosé. Rosé is required to be produced using a minimum of 50% Tempranillo; other allowed varieties for rosé include Albillo Mayor, Garnacha Tinta, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, and Syrah. Red wines are also required to contain a minimum of 50% Tempranillo, and may also contain a portion of Garnacha Tinta, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, and/or Syrah. With the promotion of the area to DO, the former Valtiendas VCIG is término (terminated). Click here to download a copy of the Pliego de Condiciones DO Valtiendas (PdC published on September 15, 2017)
Sierra de Salamaca DO: Located in Castilla y León near the border shared with Portugal, this new DO is located in and around the Sierra de Fracia Mountains, the Las Batuecas National Park, and the Sierras de Béjar Biosphere Reserve. This DO is approved for white, rosé, and red wines. Approved white grape varieties include Palomino, Viura, and Moscatel de Grano Menudo (Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains). Red wines may be produced using the Refute grape variety (known as Tinta Pinheira in Portugal), as well as Garnacha Tinta and Tempranillo. Rosé may be produced using any of these varieties, provided a minimum of 70% of the blend is red grapes. With the promotion of the area to DO, the former Sierra de Salamanca VCIG is terminated. Click here to download a copy of the Pliego de Condiciones DO Sierra de Salamanca (PdC published on September 12, 2017)
Lebrija DO: The new Lebrija DO is located in Andalucía. The Lebrija DO is approved for several styles of wine. Dry or off-dry white wines may be produced using a minimum of 50% Palomino, with any remainder filled in with Moscatel de Alejandria (Mucat of Alexandria) and/or Sauvignon Blanc. Dry reds may be produced using Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Tempranillo, Merlot, or Tintilla de Rota (Graciano). Fortified wines (vino generoso de licor) may be produced using the Palomino grape, and must be aged for a minimum of three years. If aged under flor, fortified wines may be labeled as Flor de Lebrija. There is also a category for Moscatel-based sweet wines (vino dulce naturel) made using uva muy madura o soleada (very mature or sun-dried grapes). With the promotion of the area to DO, the former Lebrija VCIG is terminated. Click here to download a copy of the Pliego de Condiciones DO Lebrija (PdC published on September 13, 2017)
Granada DO: The new Granada DO is located in Andalucía. Contraviesa-Alpujarra is an official sub-zone. This DO is approved for a range of wines including white, red, and rosé (dry, non-sparkling), as well as sparkling wines and late-harvest wines. Sparkling wines may be white or rosé, and must be produced using the traditional method of sparkling wine production—with a minimum of nine months aging on the lees. There is a long list of approved white grape varieties, which includes Moscatel de Grano Menudo (Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains), Pedro Ximénez, Palomino, Verdejo, Torrontés, Sauvignon Blanc, and Chardonnay. Other, rather unique (and indigenous) allowed white grapes include Vijiriego and Baladí. Approved red varieties include Tempranillo, Garnacha Tinta, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Syrah, Pinot Noir, Monastrell (Mourvèdre), Petit Verdot and the indigenous Romé. With the promotion of the area to DO, the former Granada VCIG is terminated. Click here to download a copy of the Pliego de Condiciones DO Granada (PdC published on September 7, 2017)
For references or more information, see the website of Spain’s Ministry of Agriculture.
Post authored by Jane A. Nickles, CSE, CWE – your blog administrator